GTA was invited to collect and analyse all available data on walking for transport and recreation, on behalf of the Premier's Council for Active Living (PCAL) and NSW Heart Foundation. Working to a short four week timeframe, the study team conducted a telephone questionnaire with 152 Local Government Areas (LGAs) and collected state-wide data from four state agencies. We found: walking accounts for 1/5 of all trips in the Greater Sydney Area - with a high likelihood of undercounting since walking to access public transport or parked cars is excluded (HTS), walking funding was overlooked in the 10 funding guarantee in the 2010 Metropolitan Transport Plan, walking infrastructure is not built or managed as robustly as the road or transport network, rates of school children walking to school have dropped from nearly 30% in 1985 to less than 10% in 2004. At the conclusion of the study, the team recommended generating new walking trips and shifting short car trips and car passenger trips (e.g. parents driving children to school) to walking. These findings were presented to the PCAL steering committee of state agencies.